- Security and professionalization of the army
At dawn of independence, holding power in Uganda witnessed a change of hands from civilian to people in uniform. The Amin regime 1971-79 had a bunch of semi illiterate and in disciplined country officers that were recruited along polarized ethic and tribal groupings. This had implication to the security and the nation. In 1986. NRM reversed all this and transformed the army into a pro-people, an instrument of peace and security. A highly disciplined army was created through standard training and education that forms the basis for both recruitment, and promotion. This can be envisaged in the UPDF role in Somalia and the entire role in keeping peace in the region.
Unlike in the 70s and 80s the UPDF has played noble duty in liberating and revamping the failed state of Uganda. This success has been reached at by comprehending and appreciating the nature of politics and recognizing human rights and civilian oversight. Being the source of the past disorder the army today is directly involved in the legislative activities through their representatives in parliament. This has demystified the relation between the army and civilians thus leading to good governance.
- Constitutional reform and democracy.
Uganda was born with historical imperfections of a state within a state. This had far reaching impact on the post independent Uganda and chief among them was 13 years of protracted struggles to end fascism. The 1986 change of management took the charge to re-establish and consolidate the rule of law and democracy in Uganda (ten point Programme). To achieve this participate my and democratic approach were sought in the designing and adopting of the amended constitution 1995. The results of such amendments were, since 1966 Uganda held free and fair elections and since 2006, leaders and legislators are elected under a Multi-party dispensation.
It is on record that the present system of the local state is premised on the post 1986 reforms by NRM. This system played a big role prior 1986 i.e. during the war, all liberated areas practiced it and it was effective in spite of the mishaps here and there, the decentralization system has ensured efficient delivery of services through participatory decision making, brining services nearer rather than mere administrative approaches. Recentralization of the role of the chief administrative offices who appears to be the accounting offices was intended to strengthen accountability of the local states. Premising the argument on the socio, economic and cultural structures of Uganda that were transplanted into the public administration of resources. (Mazuri)
Accountability ushered civil service reforms that would ensure effective and efficient civil service. For example, the structure of ministries and local government are streamlined and rationalized and their job descriptions redefined.
- Transparency and accountability.
The NRM government instituted mechanism for transparency and accountability in Uganda. NRMs committed itself to inculcate a culture of transparency and accountability in public life. The above was achieved through the institution of the Inspector General of Government, leadership code of conduct and establishment of the directorate of Ethics and integrity. The two PACs i.e. public accounts committee and parliamentary accounts committees designed to oversee central ministries and local states accounts. Whilst that NRM constitute the majority in parliament, the PAC is chaired by the opposition party member. This creates confidence about the will to combat corruption and any abuse.
There is all the effort to fight corruption in Uganda and this can be seen through the government’s commitment to put in place a legal frame work and appropriate institutions. The government has strengthened various anti-corruption agencies notably office of the Auditor general, inspectorate of government (IGG) Directorate for public
Prosecutions (DDP) were all granted status and autonomy in the performance of their duties to ensure effectiveness and a fully-fledged ministry is responsible to ensure that institutions work.
The effort to fight corruption has earned NRM government to live longer at the helm of power. The zero tolerance approach has seen even the untouchables in the Army and senior government officers being censured. For example it is on record in Uganda’s history that an army commander, Army chief of staff and chief of military intelligence were charge with creation of ghost soldiers on the pay roll and relieved of their duties.
- Peace and stability.
The NRM inherited a troubled turbulent country. Since 1966 Uganda has been bleeding owning to the colonial distortions.
It is true NRM came to power through the barrel of a gun. This was inevitable Uganda is now experiencing total peace security is a guarantee to all citizens.
This success has been as a result of complete expulsion of the LRA terrorist from Uganda to CAR. The biggest and recommendable achievement since 2005 is peace in North region and Teso; people are back to their normal life style. All this is as a result of professionalization of the Army. The security organs are professional making them different from the past regimes that could not separate a friend from an enemy.
- NRM regional cooperation
Uganda has been accused of interfering in regional conflict. This should be seen in the political historical perspective from the initiate inter states conflict. The defunct UNLA ganged with Sudan to recapture power as easily as 1986 August. Since then Uganda pursued arrangement that ensured interstate security for example Uganda’s involvement in Congo conflict.
Through IGAD Uganda was requested to provide troops to be deployed in Somalia owning to the job well done UN and the African Union got involved. Uganda is at the forefront in the process of the East African integration as a means of ensuring political social and economic security of the region. Uganda is also an integral partner in the international conference on the Great lakes regions (ICGLR).
The role of Uganda in the Somalia process and the regional peace initiative in Burundi is hailed for the restoration of peace in the region. Uganda is at the forefront in the ratification of the fact for security, stability and development in the entire Great lakes region though being a signatory to the Dares salaam declaration on peace, security and development (Uganda media centre 2012).