Internal Independence

The colonial administrators demanded countrywide elections, which were held in 1961. However, the Buganda Lukiiko, which was against direct elections for fear of a Catholic victory, boycotted the elections.

The boycott was carried through by intimidation and harassment of all those who turned up for voter registration. Consequently, voter turn-up in Buganda was very low. The Democratic Party won 19 seats in Buganda and a further 24 seats outside Buganda. UPC won 35 seats outside Buganda. As a result, Benedicto Kiwanuka of the DP became the first Chief Minister of Uganda.