The Judiciary’s mandate is found in Article 126 (1) of the Constitution of the Republic of Uganda: “Judicial Power is derived from the people and shall be exercised by the Courts established under this Constitution in the name of the people and in conformity with the law and with the values, norms and aspirations of the people.” Article 126 (2) outlines the following principles that should be applied when adjudicating cases:-
Justice shall be done to all irrespective of their social or economic status;
Justice shall not be delayed;
Adequate compensation shall be awarded to victims of wrongs;
Reconciliation between parties shall be promoted; and Substantive justice shall be administered without undue regard to technicalities.
The courts shall furthermore be independent and shall not be subject to the control or direction of any person or authority.
The core functions of the Judiciary is to Administer justice through resolving disputes between individuals, and between the State and individuals, Interpret the Constitution and the laws of Uganda, Promote the rule of law and contribute to the maintenance of order in society, Safeguard the Constitution and uphold democratic principles, Protect human rights of individuals, to adjudicate civil and criminal cases, interpret the Constitution and the laws and to promote human rights, social justice and morality
The Chief Justice is the Head of the Judiciary, responsible for the administration and supervision of all courts in Uganda and may issue orders and directions to the courts necessary for proper and efficient administration of justice.
The Judiciary’s Values in Uganda are as follows,
Independence and impartiality: The Judiciary will ensure that it operates freely in its own best judgment, without taking directives from, or being controlled by, any person or authority.
Transparency: The Judiciary will be’ open at all times in dealing with all partners in the administration of justice, documenting its operations and freely disseminating information. The Judiciary will endeavor to win the confidence and trust of all Ugandans and the international community through the quality of its services.
Professionalism: The Judiciary will endeavor to have well-trained, professionally competent and self-confident staff that will administer justice to all.
Integrity: The Judiciary will carry out its activities in an honest and truthful manner, and will take all reasonable measures to prevent willful wrongdoing by its officials.
Accountability: The Judiciary will take full responsibility for its actions, and will always be answerable to the people of Uganda and to its partners.
Equality and Respect: The Judiciary will uphold the principles of equality, equal opportunities and affirmative action in respect to gender and other disadvantaged groups.